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EMMER: BENEFITS, DRAWBACKS AND PROSPECTS

Author(s) Vecherska Liudmyla A. , , , Plant Production Institute nd. a. V.Ya. Yuriev of NAAS
Relina Liana I. , PhD of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Laboratory of Genetics, Biotechnology and Quality, Plant Production Institute nd. a. V.Ya. Yuriev of NAAS
Golik Oleg V. , Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, , Plant Production Institute nd. a. V.Ya. Yuriev of NAAS
Category Crop production
year 2018 issue №2, 2018
pages 10-17 index UDK 633.11:631.527:581.19
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2018-21-10-16 (Link)
Abstract Provision with healthy food is the most important reason that over the past decades has led to an increasing interest in rare species of wheats. Successful wheat breeding enhanced yields, however, this was associated with deterioration in grain quality due to reduced protein, vitamin and mineral contents in grain. Wheat emmer (Triticum dicoccoides (Schrank) Schuebl. (2n = 4x = 28)) is an ancestor of domestic wheat. Emmer is considered to be a potential source of genes for important agronomic features, including grain quality. The purpose of this review was to highlight the benefits of emmer compared to modern varieties of bread and pasta wheats. Major parameters of emmer grain quality (protein, carotenoid, fiber, trace mineral and some anotioxidants contents) and its advantages for healthy nutrition are particularized. Antihyperglycemic properties of emmer are accentuated. The risks of genetic erosion in domestic plants and related consequences for agriculture require the underutilized emmer wheat potential. This review summarizes detailed information on emmer to facilitate using its potential in breeding.
Key words emmer, grain quality, micronutrients, genetic source, nutritional value
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